Date of publication: 2017-08-23 10:28
Coherence Devices in Action In our section on writing the Argumentative Essay , we have a complete student essay ("Cry, Wolf" 656 at the bottom of that document) which we have analyzed in terms of argumentative development and in which we have paid special attention to the connective devices holding ideas together.
Look at the following paragraph:
Here is a chart of the transitional devices (also called conjunctive adverbs or adverbial conjunctions ) accompanied with a simplified definition of function (note that some devices appear with more than one definition):
There are four basic mechanical considerations in providing transitions between ideas: using transitional expressions, repeating key words and phrases, using pronoun reference, and using parallel form.
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Consequences : It is essential for a writer to use the right type of transitional words at the right time so as to maintain the flow of an essay and to raise an eagerness in the reader to continue reading. The transitional words for the consequences are generally written in the conclusion or the summary of an essay. The conclusion of an essay is nothing but a brief of all the points which have been mentioned in the body of an essay by the writer. The transitional words and phrases list which can be used here are as a result, because, so and many more.
Now, if there are so much of advantages of using the transitional words , then there are some disadvantages of using these words as well which cannot be neglected. These words should be used typically when the writer thinks it is important. Try to avoid using too many of these words, otherwise, it will make the whole essay and it is possible that the reader may get upset with it.
The examples above demonstrate how to use both type of transition words. As you can see, the sentences are now easier to read than the sentences without the transition words. Also, you have now a clearer understanding on how the ideas of the sentences are related.
A word of caution: Do not interlard your text with transitional expressions merely because you know these devices connect ideas. They must appear, naturally, where they belong, or they'll stick like a fishbone in your reader's craw. (For that same reason, there is no point in trying to memorize this vast list.) On the other hand, if you can read your entire essay and discover none of these transitional devices, then you must wonder what, if anything, is holding your ideas together. Practice by inserting a tentative however, nevertheless, consequently. Reread the essay later to see if these words provide the glue you needed at those points.
Though weak, this paragraph is not a total washout. It starts with a topic sentence, and the sentences that follow are clearly related to the topic sentence. In the language of writing, the paragraph is unified (., it contains no irrelevant details). However, the paragraph is not coherent. The sentences are disconnected from each other, making it difficult for the reader to follow the writer's train of thought.
Using compare and contrast transition words are very easy. Nevertheless, they can greatly affect your article’s readability and quality in a positive way. Ergo, make sure you always use them.
Parallelism Music in prose is often the result of parallelism, the deliberate repetition of larger structures of phrases, even clauses and whole sentences. We urge you to read the Guide's section on Parallelism and take the accompanying quiz on recognizing parallel form (and repairing sentences that ought to use parallel form but don't). Pay special attention to the guided tour through the parallel intricacies within Abraham Lincoln's Gettysburg Address.
As the term implies, compare and contrast transition words are transitional phrases/words that show comparison and contrasting relation of two ideas. They are also used to emphasize negative and positive ideas. For you to have a clue on what exactly are they, here is a list of the most common contrast and compare transition words and phrases that are used in everyday writing and speech.
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